Posted on 6/20/2022 by New York Oral, Maxillofacial, and Implant Surgery
Orthognathic surgery is a specialty treatment in OMS precisely designed to invasively alter the jaw's structure of patients with conditions related to symmetry, growth, and air pathway problems. It also includes the effects of skeletal deformities and orthodontic oral issues that cause misalignment, imbalance, and mal-proportions. Orthognathic surgery also corrects the jaw's developmental, innate, and acquired abnormalities. This correction helps improve the patient's self-esteem and confidence. Orthognathic surgery could also be formally referred to as corrective jaw surgery or jaw surgery. Orthognathic surgery is performed by an OMS surgeon and sometimes in conjunction with other dental surgeons like craniofacial surgeons and facial cosmetic surgeons.
Orthognathic surgery may comprise operations on the mandibular and maxillary regions. The procedure also aims to cause less damage and scarring to the face. The surgeon also makes incisions in the bone to move it and migrates bone from other places to add to the jaw. Jaw surgery majors via the mouth cavity, where the facial bones are moved or modified. Sometimes, the surgeon may make minimal incisions on the face skin, and less often, open surgery would be required.
The preferred surgical approach is based on some considerations to achieve successful results. Orthognathic surgery helps patients relieve pain and correct deformities that cause bite and function complications. It also helps improve the patient's facial appearance. Orthognathic surgery has no age constraints as it is performed on kids to correct congenital conditions like craniofacial deformities (cleft lip and palate). Emergency orthognathic surgery includes treatment of patients that have suffered facial trauma, including an obstructed air pathway.
Orthognathic surgery may lead to certain complications post-ops like swelling, infection, and numbness resulting from nerve damage. Medications, proper care, and regular dental follow-ups are necessary to ensure complications are handled in time. Sometimes, orthognathic surgery could result in facial deformities. To handle this, facial cosmetic surgery must ensue. To ensure minimal risks and excellent results, especially in complex operations, orthognathic surgery encompasses multidisciplinary surgical fields.
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